Persian rugs are handmade rugs with knots tied around the warp threads on a horizontal or vertical loom. These handmade rugs are made from silk, cotton, wool, or a mixture. They have several knots and may take 2 weeks to 2 years to be completed.
The most popular traditional rugs are made in Iran (Persia), Turkey, Pakistan, Nepal, China, India, and Afghanistan.
Within the oriental rugs group produced by the countries of the so-called “rug-belt”, the Persian carpet is well distinguished by the variety and elaborateness of its manifold design. How much does it cost and why are these rugs so popular? Do read on to find out these and many more.
Persian rugs or carpet is a heavy textile made for a plethora of utilitarian and symbolic purposes and produced in Iran. They are also known as Iranian carpets and used in the home, for local sale, and export.
An integral part of Persian culture and Iranian art is the Carpet Weaving. Persian rugs reflect the history of Iran and its various people. They are of various types, woven in parallel by nomadic tribes in villages, royal court manufacturers and town workshops.
The carpets are woven in the Safavid court; manufacturers of Ishafan during the sixteenth century are legendary for their elaborate colours and artistical designs and are treasured in museums and private collections all over the world. Due to their exceptional design, they have set an artistic tradition for another court manufacturer which was kept alive during the entire period of the Persian Empire up to the last royal dynasty of Iran.
Regional centres and towns like Tabriz, Kerman, Mashhad, Kashan, Ishafan, Nain and Qom weave carpets characterised by their unique weaving techniques and use of high-quality materials, patterns and colours.
Carpets woven in Tabriz have played an important role in reviving the carpet weaving tradition after periods of decline. Rugs woven by the Iranian villages and various tribes are distinguished by their bright and elaborate colours, fine wool, and specific traditional patterns.
The nomadic and small village weavers often produce rugs with bolder and sometimes coarse designs, which are considered as the most traditional and authentic rugs of Persia, as opposed to the pre-planned, artistic designs of the larger workplaces. Gabbeh rugs are the best-known type of carpet from this line of tradition. This famous culture of the Iranian people has gone through periods of decline during times of political instability or under the influence of commercial demands. During the latter part of the 19th century, it suffered from the introduction of synthetic dyes.
In spite of this, carpet weaving still plays a major role in the economy of modern Iran. Modern production has seen the replacement of synthetic dyes with natural dyes.
Persian carpets and rugs which are Hand-woven have high artistic and utilitarian value and prestige since the time of ancient Greek writers when they were first mentioned.
Classifying Persian carpets and rugs are best using their weaver’s social context. Different ethnic groups produced the normadic and tribal carpets with unique histories and traditions. Since these carpets were usually woven for domestic use, their designs were more traditional. Over time, this method suffered a decline, but in recent years, the tradition has been revived. They are characterised by symmetric and asymmetric knots, open to the right or left, depending on the tribe and style. The warps and wefts may be made from wool, cotton, or goat hair, in white, brown, red, blue, orange, red or pink, or natural colours.
The Kurds ethnic group is known for elaborate and finely woven carpets like Senneh or heavy fabric like Bijar carpets.Other tribes nomadic include:
The village carpets are identified by their less elaborate, more highly styled designs. The warps are made of wool rather than cotton. Unlike the others, they have less elaborate and ornate designs like the curvilinear patterns of city rugs. Variations of the village rugs occur in width from end to end, presence of irregular sides, and may not lay entirely flat. They are usually of higher quality than the nomadic pieces. With less tasking access to modern dyes, weavers incorporate several more colours into their weave. Village rugs come in a multitude of hues from reds and blues to gold, beige and yellow.
Some popular varieties include Heriz, Hamadan and Abadeh.
Town carpets are manufactured in some towns in the South, Northeast, Central, and West of Iran. They are described based on the town as follows:
One of the highest quality rugs in the world today are town woven rugs. The style of weaving using a vertical loom makes the weavers produce a much more consistent weave and a higher knot density per square inch. These rugs have very elaborate designs in an even wider range of colours and complicated multiple borders.
Persian rugs are never out of style. Dating back to so much traditional heritage, these rugs have thrived and will continue to because they are bedecked with royal designs and unique craftsmanship. Other reasons include:
These features are the reasons why you should have at least one Persian rug in your home. Persian rugs are famous for their rich, colourful, and artistic patterns, spectacular quality and designs. The materials used in carpets include cotton, wool, and silk.
There are so many types of Persian rugs out there. It may be easy for an expert to tell the difference between a Kashan and an Ishafan, but you might not be able to do that.
To help you build your knowledge on Persian rugs, here are a few descriptions of each type.
Tabriz rugs are high-quality rugs with cotton or silk warp and a wool or wool/silk pile. The patterns range from hunting scenes to teardrop medallions, floral and trees. Antique Tabriz rugs are so valuable and can only be found in exclusive private collections and museum. So, anytime you see any of these features, you can tell it’s the famous Tabriz.They come in sizes ranging from:
You can identify these rugs with their characteristic bright, vibrant colours and bold patterns. Heriz rugs will always feature a double or triple outline and large corner pieces and an oversized medallion in the centre. They are durable and can last for generations.
Find them in these sizes:
The Kashan rugs have an ornately patterned floral field with medallion and corner pattern which is a trademark of these rugs. They’re designed with colour combinations of deep blue, rich reds, and ivory with occasional splotches of yellow, green and burnt orange. Kashan rugs are of high quality and have a knot count that ranges from 100kpsi to over 800kpsi.
Some sizes of these rugs are:
Gabbeh rugs are made of local handspun wool. These rugs are thick and coarse with simple designs. They are woven on a plain lush field of colour. Only natural dyes are used. They come in orange, yellow, rust or red colours.
Some sizes include:
Made of silk and wool, Isfahan rugs are very balanced and symmetrical. Usually, it consists of single indigo, rose or blue medallion surrounded by vines and woven on an ivory background.
These are high-quality rugs with very fine quality wool and a knot count of about 300kpsi to 700kpsi. They have intricate patterns and consist of green or blue intertwined branches on a white or light ivory background of tiny woven flowers.
Some of them are:
Mashad rugs carry a lone, oversized Shah Abbasi medallion in the centre on an elaborate background filled with floral motifs in a curvilinear design. These rugs are usually large with a wool pile and a cotton foundation.
You can see them in these sizes:
Since Balouchi rugs are of nomadic tribal origin, you will rarely find a large sized Balouchi rug. Their edges are commonly beige or brown goat or camel hair. Their simple patterned geometry design are woven with sheep wool that is dyed blue or dark red.
Some of them include:
They are also called Koum, Kom, Kumm, Qhum, or Ghom. These rugs just like their names imply are woven in the Qum province of Iran and are of very high quality. They are a luxurious pile of silk or cotton, well knotted and intricate designs that include a combination of hunting scenes, flowers, birds, medallions and gardens in dark blue, reddish
brown or orange. Turquoise is always used in some element in Qum rugs.
Some of them are in these sizes:
Persian rugs can be expensive but the convenience and durability it comes with can always make up for the cost over time.
All kinds of modern Persian rugs, ranging from Gabbeh Runners, Isfahan Rugs, Nain Rugs, to Persian Runners and Tabriz Runners have their prices listed below:
With so many answers to this question, here are a few clarifications as to why Persian rugs are expensive.
Choose Persian rugs and carpets for your home, office, or any other place where you need comfort. Persian rugs are designed with higher attention to detail than most modern rugs. Not only are they long-lasting, but they can also often be investments that gain value with time; not forgetting the aesthetic value it brings to your home. You’ll always get compliments when you use Persian rugs.